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Glossary

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Basar VeChalav:

Combined meat and milk (prohibited by kosher law)

 

Ben Yomo:

A utensil that has been used for cooking within the past 24 hours for either milk or meat

 

Bishul:

Cooking using heat, such as frying, baking, boiling

 

Bishul Akum:

Food that is cooked by a non-Jew (see Gevinas Akum)

 

Challah:

The traditional bread loaves used during Shabbos and holiday meals

 

Cholov Yisroel:

Milking a kosher animal under the supervision of a Jew

 

Chometz:

Leavened grain that is forbidden on Passover

 

Erev:

The day before

 

Erev Shabbos:

The day before the Sabbath

 

Fleishig:

Meat and poultry products and anything used in their preparation, such as dishes and utensils

 

Gebrokts:

Matzo that came in contact with water after it was fully baked

 

Gevinas Akum:

Cheese that is produced by a non-Jew

 

Glatt Kosher:

Kosher animals that do not have certain internal blemishes

 

Halacha:

Jewish Law

 

Kashruth, Kashrut, Kashrus:

The body of Jewish dietary laws

 

Kasher:

To make kosher

 

Milchig:

Dairy products and anything used in their preparation, such as dishes and utensils

 

Non-kosher:

Not complying with dietary principles

 

Pareve:

Food that is neither meat or dairy

 

Pesach:

Passover

 

Simkha or simcha:

A celebration or happy occasion

 

Treif or taref:

Not kosher

 

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